21st Century Learning Through AR Application In Teaching and Learning English
The introduction of 21st Century Learning in Malaysia (PAK21) which is driven by five main elements, which are communication, collaboration, critical thinking, creativity and values and ethics also requires educators to bring PAK21 methodologies into realizing 21st-century ready classrooms. One example of 21st century methodologies in the teaching and learning process is the use of mixed-reality technology which consists of Augmented Reality (AR) and Virtual Reality (VR). With the advancements of 21st century technology, AR technology, which before was considered as a high-requirement facility to be implemented in classrooms, is now easily accessible to all through affordable and capable devices with highly user-friendly software to develop AR content. Previous research has shown that the use of AR in classrooms is able to provide learners with immersion and potentially increase interest and motivation in learning. Therefore, this study aims to examine the effectiveness of AR usage, together with a textbook in the process of learning English through providing additional content and information. A focus group discussion was carried out with fellow researchers from UiTM Perak to gain further insights in developing AR content effectively for English lessons. A set of questionnaires was also distributed to 300 selected undergraduate students from various faculties. The findings were later analyzed using SPSS tools. The contribution of this study is hoped to be a useful indicator for further developments in 21st Century English teaching tools.