[MS] Proses Fonologi dalam Kata Kerja Mu’tal Ajwaf

[The Phonological Processes in Hallow Verbs]

  • Syahirah Almuddin
Keywords: Arabic language, phonology, hollow verbs, linguistics, lengthening


This study is conducted to examine the phonological process that occur in input to output of the hollow verb according to the moraic representation involving glides /w/ or /j/ to a long vowel [a]. In order to explain the phonological process that occurs, this study employs a qualitative approach. The data were gathered through purposive sampling method. This is because, Muʻjam Mufradāt al-Ibdāl wa al-Iʻlāl fī al-Qur’ān al-Karīm referred lists all the words that undergo the process of substitution and vocalization including the hollow verbs in the text of the Quran. Since this study only focuses on phonological changes involving hollow verbs, only words categorized as hollow verbs will be extracted and selected as research data. The data obtained will be represented by one randomly selected word to be analysed using the theoretical framework of moraic representation that explained descriptively. The results of this study found that the phonological process that occur from the input to the output of the hollow verb is carried out through the process of glide deletion (delinking), resyllabification and low vowel /a/ lengthening (compensatory lengthening). This study also concluded that the transcription of segments changed is more accurately transcribed as glides /j/ and /w/ than a vowel.